Botanical Pesticides Market Botanical Pesticides Market: By Active Substance (Nicotine, Pyrethrin, Rotenone, Matrine, Azadirachtin); By Crop Type (Vegetables & Fruits, Oilseeds & Pulses, Turfs

Botanical pesticides are natural extracts derived from various parts of plants and are used to combat various pests like insects and weeds. Botanical pesticides segment is a part of broader biological crop protection market. These substances are gaining prominence in the modern agriculture with increasing need for environmentally sustainable agrochemicals and rise in Integrated Pest Management (IPM) practices. Botanical pesticides are target specific and are less harmful to non-target pests. The botanical pesticides market is set to grow at a CAGR of XX% and is projected to reach $XXm by 2021.
Mounting concern on natural pollinators propels the use of these pesticides. In addition, expanding organic farming in the developed nations fuels the biological means of pest control. Only few pesticides like Neem and Pyrethrum have well established presence. Lack of wide array of commercialized products and related cost-effective production processes subdue the market growth. The industry is working towards standardizing the products. Growth of microbials and natural enemies markets subdues the expansion of botanical pesticides.
Botanical Pesticides Market
The botanical pesticides market has been analyzed with respect to different parameters such as demand, supply, end-users and providers of botanical pesticides. This market is categorized on the basis of type, active substance and crop type. On the basis of type botanical pesticides can be used as insecticides, herbicides and fungicides. Compounds such as azardirachtin, matrine, pyrethrines, rotenone & nicotine extracted from various plants are used for combating insects and other pests. Segmentation by crop type includes vegetables & fruits, oilseeds & pulses, cereals & grains and turf & ornamentals.
The market is also presented from the perspective of different geographic regions and they key countries in each region. North America and Europe have been the dominant end users due to the growing inclination towards organic farming and strengthening IPM practices in agricultural community.

strong root Chong fertilization

The main components:
glycine betaine=100g / L, 4-aminobutanoic acid=10g / L EDTA (Fe, Zn) =20g / L
Appropriate amount of medicinal substances and natural active rooting agent
Features:
1, plant immunity and nutrition as one of the dual-function Chong fertilization.
2, the product add unique ingredients, plants can form effective antibodies to prevent bacterial and fungal diseases and other diseases;
3, can increase soil beneficial bacteria, inhibit nematodes, improve the soil; can increase the generation of crop capillary root so that crops grow strong.

Benefits:
1, improve crop immunity, reduce the occurrence of pests and diseases.
2, to improve soil microbial environment and promote the formation of beneficial bacteria at the root, can inhibit and kill nematodes.
3, a strong rooting effect. Chitooligosaccharides can significantly promote root cell differentiation, so that the rapid increase in capillary root, reduce dead roots, roots and decay roots.
4, flower and fruit preservation, coloring glitter, can reduce the incidence of falling flowers, falling fruit, melon, prevention and treatment of deformed fruit, improve fruit rate and commodity value.

Instructions:
1, with water facilities, pre-(vegetative growth) 5L / mu, late (reproductive growth) 5-10L / mu.
2, foliar spray, diluted 500-600 foliar spray. Suitable for field crops and fruit trees.

Applicable crops: vegetables, fruit trees, wheat, rice, cotton and other field crops

Product Specifications: 5L * 4 barrels / box 1L (vegetable type, rice type)

Nano-microencapsulation technology plant essential oil pesticides

Product Description:

The main components: natural plant essential oils (nanocapsule technology processing)
Control objects: aphids, Striped beetle, thrips, spider mite, whitefly, Huang Shou melon, ape leafworm, cabbage caterpillar and so on.

 

 

Toxicity: None

 

Function mechanism and mode and action :

The main mechanism is to affect the closed pores of insects, let the pests suffocate the physical role of death. Itself is a pure natural plant essential oil is not toxic to humans.

 

Effect method

Crops Target pest Suitable time for Application Dilution Rate
Vegetable
Fruit tree
Flower
Tea tree
Tobacco
Beet armyworm Early stage of insect occurrence 2,000-2,500 times
Red spider
Whitefly
Cotton bollworm
Apple leaf roller

 

 

0.3% matrine

Active Ingredients: Matrine English name: matrine
Matrine is an alkaloid with Sophora flavescens, Radix Aconiti, Melia tomentosa, Nepeta and other medicinal plants extracted by organic solvents compatibility. At present, matrine preparations commonly used in agriculture are mostly matrine total alkaloids, which are mainly composed of alkaloids such as matrine, oxymatrine, sophocarpine, oxcarbosine and sophoridine. Due to its complex composition, matrine acts directly on multiple organisms in parasites and thus can destroy pest resistance systems. Its main pests have contact and stomach poisoning effect. After the pest comes into contact, it paralyzes its nerve center, then coagulates the insect body protein, blocks the stomata of the insect body, and suffocates the pest.

Matrine is widely used in the prevention and control of pests of agricultural and health pests, including aphids, cotton aphids, cotton spider mites, cotton leaf hoppers, cabbage caterpillars, rice stem borer, planthoppers, rice leafhoppers and other pests Pesticide Chi “records).

0.3% Matrine is a new generation of plant-based pesticides developed by experts according to this record. Its products come from plant sources, no pollution, no residue, can be used for organic farming, conducive to the sustainable development of agriculture.

0.3% matrine was the company to pass organic certification of Nanjing OFDC in 2010 and is widely used in the domestic organic agricultural product production base to provide escort for the production of organic agricultural products at home and abroad.

Pest control
The company is located in:
Dilution ratio
The company is located in:
usage time
The company is located in:
Instructions
cabbage caterpillar
The company is located in:
800-1000
The company is located in:
After larvae appear, use once every 7 days, 3 times in a row
The company is located in:
Foliar spray
Diamondback moth
The company is located in:
800-1000
The company is located in:
True leaves appear or larvae first appeared, once every 7-10 days, 3 times in a row
The company is located in:
Foliar spray
Ochratoxin
The company is located in:
1000-1500
The company is located in:
When the summer when the worm rate of 10%, victimization rate of 2%
The company is located in:
Foliar spray
Tobacco caterpillar
The company is located in:
800-1000
The company is located in:
Freshly hatched larvae to 2nd instar larvae
The company is located in:
Foliar spray
Leaf miner fly
The company is located in:
800-1000
The company is located in:
Adult activity peak and larvae before the second instar, every 7-10 days, 3 times in a row
The company is located in:
Foliar spray
9-11 am spray best
Red spider
The company is located in:
1000-1500
The company is located in:
Early spring prevention and control, the fall pest risk increase appropriate dosage
The company is located in:
Foliar spray
Rust mites
The company is located in:
1000-1500
The company is located in:
Summer pest occurrence peak application
The company is located in:

Pear lice
The company is located in:
1000-1500
The company is located in:
Flower buds sprout to open bloom prevention and control of overwintering adult and newly hatched larvae
The company is located in:
Spray foliar evenly

1000-1500
The company is located in:
The first generation of late flowering control young, nymphs
The company is located in:
Note the pedicle parts, spray evenly
1000-1500
The company is located in:
Prevention and treatment of pear second-generation nymphs
Pears small bore worms
The company is located in:
800-1000
The company is located in:
Third and fourth larvae occur early
The company is located in:
Note the pedicle parts, spray evenly
Maggot
The company is located in:
1000-1500
The company is located in:
During planting
The company is located in:
Furrow irrigation or spray directly on seedlings or transplanted plant roots
1000-1500
The company is located in:
Egg hatching early after planting
Tea ruler
The company is located in:
800-1000
The company is located in:
1st to 3rd instar larvae
The company is located in:
Foliar spray

Instructions for use:
1, spraying time should be in the morning or evening before and after to avoid overheating or rain before use.
2, can not be mixed with alkaline pesticides.
3, the process of dizziness, nausea, bloating and other symptoms of poisoning should go to the hospital for treatment. Inadvertent contact with the skin or splash into the eyes, rinse immediately with water.

Product Specifications: 100ML 20Kg

1% Emamectin Benzoate \5% Avermectin

Description:

As a higher concentration product among Emamectin Benzoate formulations, 5% EB WDG has gradually shows its advantages beyond comparison—- wide spectrum, quick-acting, low dosages and Long validity etc, which is now leading the bio-pesticides application for the world’s farming.

 

Main Composition: 5% Emamectin Benzoate

 

Characters:

Appearance:White or Light yellow loose granule

Odor:no bad odor

Solubility: = 2.0

PH: 7.0~9.0

 

Function Mechanism:

Stomach poison firstly and contact poison secondly. It is the non-systemic insecticide to penetrate leaf tissue by translaminar movement; Suppress the nerve transfer of pest’s motorius and then paralysis the insect’s body to death.

 

Application Method:

Crops Pests Dosage
Vegetables Beet Armyworm, Heliothis, Cabbage Worm, Diamondback Moth, Spodoptera Litura 210g / Ha
Cotton Cotton Bollworm, Heliothis,

Spodoptera Litura

200g / Ha
Soybean Spodoptera Litura, Argyrogramma Agnata 200 g/Ha

 

Notices

1.It is toxic to bees; do not apply during the blossom period.

2.If someone happened to be poisoned, induce vomit and send to hospital immediately.

 

Packing: 1kgs/Foil Bag, 25kgs/drum

Modern Pharmacological Study of Matrine Alkaloids

Matrine alkaloids are a general term for a class of quinolinic acid alkaloids widely found in Sophora? Avescens Ait, Sophora alopecuroides and Sophora subprostrata. Modern research found that Sophora flavescens mainly contain alkaloids and flavonoids, alkaloids to matrine alkaloids mainly belong to Quinonesidine alkaloids, including matrine, oxymatrine, Sophora flavescens alcohol , Different matrine, do not matrine, 14b-hydroxy matrine, sophocarpine, sophoridine, sophoramine and so on. Modern pharmacological studies have found matrine alkaloids with analgesic, cardiac, anti-arrhythmia, anti-virus, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, swelling diuretic, immunosuppressive, antibacterial insecticide and other effects. This article is based on the research status of its pharmacological effects.

First, the analgesic effect

Matrine has a significant effect on analgesia. Junzo Kamei et al. Found that matrine functions mainly through the activation of k-opioid receptors and some opioid receptors. But also has a high selectivity for the receptor with no morphine-like side effects of current analgesic drugs. Junzo Kamei and other experiments induced by acetic acid abdomen showed that matrine dose-dependently inhibited the analgesic effect of mice in the dose range of 1-10 mg / kg. Do not matrine ((+) – allomatrine) is matrine C-6 stereoisomers, which mainly through the activation of k-opioid receptor and exert analgesic effect of analgesic effect of matrine third one. Kimio higashiyama other studies found that matrine and other matrine by stimulating the decay of enkephalin-like neurons, thereby activating the spinal cord k-opioid receptor to achieve analgesic effect. Huperzine alcohol with hydrophilic groups, 14 b-hydroxy matrine, N-oxide of matrine ie oxymatrine, and sophocarpine with double bonds, whereas sophoramine has no significant analgesic activity .

Second, anti-inflammatory effect

Matrine has the characteristics of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The rat hind limbs by the angle * gums induced inflammation and intraperitoneal injection of glacial acetic acid-induced exudative inflammation were significantly inhibited, but the rat buried cotton ball induced granulation tissue hyperplasia of chronic inflammation is not obvious. At the same time, the author also believes that the anti-inflammatory effects of matrine and the pituitary-adrenal system has nothing to do and speculated that the anti-inflammatory effect of matrine may be through direct action. Bao Shujuan, Li Shufang’s study also reached a similar conclusion, but inhibition of granulation tissue mastitis inhibition rate was 53.5%, slightly less than 60.0% of hydrocortisone. Matrine on the ocular inflammatory response induced by the lens protein, has a significant inhibitory effect. Matrine inhibited the activity of phospholipase (PLA2), the proliferation of splenocytes and the release of TNF, IL-1 and IL-6, all of which were correlated with the anti-inflammatory effects of matrine. Hong Cheng and other experiments with mouse colitis induced by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid found that matrine significantly improved its role, and its mechanism of action may be to inhibit the colon of TNF-a Up-regulated Studies by Ji Yong Liu et al. Have shown that matrine inhibits the expression of substance P receptors and regulates the production of inflammatory cytokines and thus has the potential to inhibit the inflammatory response associated with substance P.

13a-hydroxy matrine (I think it should be 14b-hydroxy matrine), oxymatrine also has anti-inflammatory effects. Liao Jie et al found that oxymatrine and hydrocortisone similar effect, can significantly combat croton oil, angle * (rat) and glacial acetic acid (mouse) induced exudative inflammation, but for rats by The chronic inflammation induced by cotton balls is ineffective and further confirms that its anti-acute inflammation is not associated with the pituitary-adrenal system. Oxymatrine can also inhibit the activation of NH-kB, reduce the formation of TNF-a, IL-6 and ICAM-1, thereby reducing colitis damage and diarrhea, blood stool symptoms. Jiao Xia et al found that oxymatrine has obvious anti-airway allergic inflammation and inhibition of IL-4 mRNA and ICAM-1 mRNA expression in asthmatic mice.

Third, the anti-arrhythmia A large number of experiments show that a variety of alkaloids matrine with significant anti-arrhythmic effect against aconitine, chloroform-adrenaline-induced rat arrhythmia, and chloroform-induced mice Ventricular fibrillation. Matrine, oxymatrine clinical trial found that premature ventricular contractions and paroxysmal tachycardia better. Zhang Baoheng and other rats intravenous oxymatrine 15,30 mg / kg significantly against aconitine, BaCl2 and coronary artery ligation induced arrhythmia. And matrine can make the colon segment in high K + depolarization, with the cumulative dose of Ca2 + tension increased. Zhang Mingfa, Shen Yaqin that matrine-type alkaloids on the heart has a negative frequency, negative self-discipline and prolong the effective refractory period of the role, which can produce anti-arrhythmic effect, which sophoridine and sophocarine anti-heart rhythm Abnormal activity is relatively high, while the sophocarpine is relatively low. Chen Ruifeng through clinical observation of oxymatrine treatment of arrhythmia found that oxymatrine significant effect on ischemic cardiomyopathy, heart valve disease is poor, we can see that oxymatrine has the protection of ischemic myocardium, relieve coronary artery Spasm and increase the role of coronary flow. At the same time, it has been demonstrated that the anti-arrhythmic mechanism of oxymatrine is to increase the DET of cardiac diastolic phase and extend the effective refractory period (ERP).

In the use of oxymatrine treatment of coronary heart disease patients found that oxymatrine can significantly improve heart rate variability in patients with coronary heart disease, atrial and ventricular arrhythmias have a significant effect, so three times a day, each time taking 0.2 ~ 0.4g oxymatrine safe and effective treatment of tachyarrhythmia, the exact effect, fewer adverse reactions. Ai Jing, Huang Caiyun and other studies have shown that oxymatrine can inhibit sodium, calcium channels, negative frequency and negative conductivity, increase the threshold of diastolic myocardial excitability, prolong myocardial effective refractory period and play a significant anti- Experimental arrhythmia. Compared with amiodarone and RP58866, matrine has a weaker inhibitory effect on anti-arrhythmic targets IKr, IKs, Ito and IK1, which is a molecular role of matrine in clinical anti-arrhythmic effects and mild side effects Mechanism, so this also suggests that we can improve the inhibitory effect of matrine on the target by structural transformation or compatibility, so as to improve its weakness of anti-arrhythmia. Chen Xia and other studies have confirmed that intravenous administration of 30mg / kg of oxymatrine can reduce the amplitude of cardiomyocytes action potential (AP), shortening APD50 and APD90, reducing Vmax, which may be its anti-arrhythmic mechanism In part because of the reduced open probability of sodium channels because oxymatrine decreases the open time and open probability of monosodium channels in cardiomyocytes without affecting the current amplitude of monosodium channels. The mechanism of oxymatrine against ischemia-reperfusion-induced arrhythmia may be related to the shortening of action potential duration. Oxymatrine can reduce the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) in rats, which may also be one of its anti-arrhythmic mechanisms.

Fourth, anti-tumor

The antitumor effect of matrine has long been a concern. As early as the 1960s, the National Cancer Chemotherapy Research Center (CCNSN) reported that 50% of the extract of Sophora alopecuroides had obvious activity on Lewis lung cancer in mice. In recent years, studies have found matrine and oxymatrine and other matrine alkaloids on liver cancer cells, gastric cancer cells, lung cancer cells, breast cancer, cervical cancer, leukemia and so has obvious inhibition and therapeutic effect. Matrine has a direct toxic effect on P185 tumor cells, which can reduce 3H-TdR infiltration of P185 cells. This suggests that matrine may be a direct inhibitor of cell metabolism. Matrine can effectively inhibit the proliferation of human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2, human erythroleukemia cell line K562 and human fibrosarcoma cell line HT1080, and its inhibition rate is dose-dependent. Wang Bing et al found that oxymatrine has an inhibitory effect on the proliferation of vascular endothelial cells induced by lung cancer and gastric cancer cells. Zhang Junping and Hu Zhenlin et al. By studying the effects of matrine on the release of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and its protein kinase C (PKC) activity by macrophages, it was found that matrine inhibits the secretion of TNF by inhibiting the activity of PKC in macrophages. Ma Lingdi study found that matrine in vitro can significantly inhibit the growth and proliferation of mouse H22 tumor cells, 0.5,1.0,1.5 and 2.0mg / ml of H22 cell growth inhibition rate of 15%, 54%, 86% and 92% , In a dose-dependent manner, while the immune function of mice also have some inhibitory effect.

The anti-tumor mechanism of matrine mainly through the inhibition of cell cycle progression, regulation of cell signaling, inhibition of telomerase activity and induction of apoptosis and differentiation. Matrine could significantly inhibit the proliferation of human osteosarcoma MG-63 cells, arrest the cell cycle in G0 / G1 phase, and induce S phase arrest in U937 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Telomerase activity was significantly inhibited after treated with matrine k562 cells and retinoic acid for a certain period of time, that is, matrine reduced hTERT-mRNA expression in K562 cells and hepg2 cells, accompanied by decreased telomerase activity . Zhu Ningxi and other experimental results show that matrine can significantly inhibit the proliferation of HL60 cells and induce their differentiation into mature granulocytes, and the induction of differentiation and its down-regulation of c-myc gene expression, blocking cells in the G1 phase. At the same time also found that matrine liposomes anti-tumor effect than matrine increased, but also inhibit the tumor but also enhance the body’s immunity. Dai Bi Tao, Jiang Jikai’s research also found that matrine combined with vincristine, cytarabine, harringtonine and other antineoplastic agents can enhance its inhibition of K562 cell proliferation. When matrine combined with vinblastine and doxorubicin respectively, the expression level of P-pg in KBV200 drug-resistant cell line was decreased and the drug resistance was reversed.

Fifth, anti-virus

The anti-viral effect of matrine is mainly against Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Hepatitis C virus (HBC) and Coxsackie B virus type 3 (CVB3). Liu Jingxing, Lu Deyuan matrine and other anti-Coxsackie B virus preliminary study found that Sophora flavescens both in vitro and in vivo have a significant antiviral effect. A large number of studies have shown that Sophora alkaloids in vitro significantly inhibited the Coxsackie virus B virus type 3 proliferation, inhibition of cytopathic effect, and in a dose-dependent manner, its mechanism for the inhibition of viral protein synthesis. Li Jiqiang and other studies have shown that oxymatrine can inhibit HCV proliferation, anti-liver fibrosis and the role of regulating the host immune response. There are also studies have shown that matrine combined with Shuganjianpi treatment can improve immune disorders in patients with chronic hepatitis C, inhibition of HCV-RNA replication. Wu found that matrine and duck hepatitis B virus has better inhibitory effect. Lu Haiying, Wang Qinhuan and so on through the study of different dosage forms of matrine in vitro anti-HBV effect found that intramuscular injection of matrine has obvious anti-HBV effect and speculated that HBV suppression point may be in HBV-DNA levels. Currently in the treatment of hepatitis B oxymatrine, matrine has been combined with other drugs used in clinical and achieved good results.

Six, immunosuppression and biological regulation

In 1987, Li Ruisong and Huang Tianyou studied the effects of oxymatrine on the immune function. The study found that oxymatrine (intraperitoneal injection of 375mg / kg) can reduce the weight of mouse thymus mesenteric lymph nodes, so that thymus ANAE + lymphocytes increased, so HA Titer, PFC value and percentage of phagocytosis of Mf cells decreased, indicating that oxymatrine can inhibit certain immune responses and immune organs. Matrine, sophoramine, oxymatrine, sophoridine, sophocarpine on T cell-mediated immune response with different intensity of immunosuppressive effects, including matrine stronger, weaker sophocarpine, Anti-SRBO serum antibody assay found oxymatrine, sophoramine, matrine had a significant inhibitory effect, while the sophocarpine and sophoridine inhibitory effect was not obvious. Phagocytosis of macrophages, matrine, sophoridine inhibitory effect, the remaining three alkaloids did not inhibit the effect.

Cui Wei, Wang Runtian study found that oxymatrine can significantly down-regulate Colon26 tumor cells TGF-b1 and L-10 secretion, by down-regulating the secretion of immunosuppressive molecules Colon26 tumor cells affect the immunosuppression and speculated that this may be oxidized Anti-tumor effect of matrine one of the mechanisms. Liu Xin Yan and other studies also showed that oxymatrine can significantly down-regulate the secretion of L929 immunosuppressive molecules and down-regulate the immunosuppressive effect of L929 tumor cells, and also think that the down-regulation of tumor cell immunosuppression may be one of its anti-tumor mechanisms. Qinze Lin through the study of oxymatrine on immune function in normal and transplanted mice found that oxymatrine can significantly inhibit the normal mouse antibody secreting cells – hemolytic plaques (PFC) generation, oxymatrine Normal mice showed no significant effect on carbon particle clearance, but it appears to restore normalized carbon clearance in transplanted mice. In addition, studies have confirmed that oxymatrine also has a significant reversal of liver fibrosis. Matrine can significantly improve liver function, reverse liver damage, immune suppression in immunocompromised mice significantly inhibited and enhance their non-specific immunity, while matrine can inhibit mouse lymphocyte proliferation and release in vitro L-2 and peritoneal macrophages release L-1.

Seven, cardiac effect

Jin Zhaojun et al through the study of matrine on myocardial contractility of guinea pig found that matrine in the range of 1 x 10-6 ~ 1 x 10-3mol / L significant positive inotropic effect, and a dose-dependent. Li Qing, Wang Jin and a variety of experimental animals with oxymatrine cardiac effect, the results show that oxymatrine (0.5,5.0,50.0 mmol / L) can significantly increase the normal in vitro cardiac contractile force, heart Cardiac output, cardiac output, 50mmol / L can make myocardial contractility, cardiac output completely restored to Heart failure before the level of no significant effect on heart rate, and in the same dose, whether it is positive inotropic effect or cardiac output, oxymatrine on the role of failure of the heart than normal heart; but also to varying degrees of enhancement Body guinea pigs, rats, rabbits papillary muscle contractility, and showed a good dose-effect relationship, more sensitive to guinea pig papillary muscle; oxymatrine can increase contractile force of rat isolated right atrial myocardium while reducing the spontaneous contraction frequency , This can change the role of variable time is obviously the role of oxymatrine cardiac function.

Li Qing and other hearts in the rat heart study showed that oxymatrine can increase in vivo rat heart contractility, while reducing the tendency of heart rhythm, that is, oxymatrine increase in contractility without increasing heart rate . Wang Jin and other studies of oxymatrine blood flow

How to use pesticide correctly in spring

Spring is the germination period of various pests and diseases of crops. During this period, the base number of pests and diseases is small and it is relatively easy to prevent and control. Therefore, it is very important to do a good job in prevention and control of various pests and diseases in spring and to use pesticides accurately.
How to use pesticide properly? First, the right medicine. In the purchase of pesticides, to find out the object of prevention and treatment of both, to determine what to buy pesticides, can not follow the trend, with the crowd. Second, to avoid buying counterfeit drugs. Purchase pesticides to “look at the three”, that is, a look at pesticide registration certificate, production license, pesticide standards, the four products permit certificate is complete; second pesticide packaging is intact; Third, Whether the emulsion is stratified, there is no precipitation agent. Also pay attention to the validity of pesticides. Three should be mixed. However, pesticides are prohibited from mixing in the following situations: pesticides that are easily degraded by alkaline substances and reduce their efficacy, or even failed, can not be mixed with alkaline pesticides. For example, phoxim, pyrethroid agents, etc. can not be mixed with the limestone agent, Bordeaux mixture and other alkaline agents; After mixing the pesticides have damaging effects on the emulsion can not be mixed. Such as organic sulfur and organic phosphorus pesticides can not be mixed with pesticides containing copper preparations. In addition, pay attention to pesticide use safety interval. Between the last spray and harvest must be greater than the safety interval to prevent human and animal poisoning

Matrine kill vegetable pests

Matrine kill vegetable pests

Matrine, natural plant-based pesticides, low toxicity to humans and animals, long duration, persistence 10-15 days. Insecticidal, acaricidal, and fungicides have some inhibition or killing effect, especially against Pieris rapae, Spodoptera litura, beet armyworm, aphids, thrips, green leafhopper, whitefly and so on, the effective rate above 95. Slightly less effective.

spray

Control cabbage caterpillars, adult spawning in about 7 days after the peak, when the larvae in the 2-3 age when the pesticide application control, with 0.3% per acre Matrine agent 62-150 ml, add water 40-50 kg, or 1% bitter Alkaline alcohol solution 60-110 ml, add water 40-50 kg uniform spray, the effect is good for young larvae, 4-5 instar larvae poor sensitivity.

Control Plutella xylostella, with 0.5% matrine agent 600 times spray.

Prevent eggplant, leaf aphids, whiteflies, worms, worms, prophylaxis with 0.3% matrine 600-800 times liquid spray. Pest initial phase with 0.3% matrine agent 400-600 times spray, spray 5-7 days. Pest occurrence peak may be appropriate to increase the dose, spraying 3-5 days, for 2-3 times in a row, spray leaves should be back, the leaf surface evenly spray, especially leaves back.

Seed dressing

Control , insects and other underground insects pests, leek maggots, per acre with marijuana powder 1.1-2.5 kg sprinkling or Article facilities, or seed dressing.Seed dressing treatment, the first wet seeds, 1 kg of vegetable seeds with 40% 1.1 grams of matrine powder mix, stacked for 2-4 hours after sowing.

Irrigation root

Root pest control underground pests, such as leek maggots, root nematodes, 0.3% matrine can be used 400 times liquid drenching or ditching and then pouring soil medicine. Or early leek maggots pesticide application, with 1.1% per acre powder marijuana 2-2.5 kg, add water 300-400 kg irrigation root. Adults in the glaucae or Onion species adult at the end of the period, and the victim was not seen in the field, with 1.1% per acre compound matrine powder 4 kg, the right amount of water diluted in the leek to the mouth, with pouring Water drops evenly, prevention and control leek maggots.

Quickness is poor, we should do a good job forecasting insects, pest control in the early age of pesticides, medication time should be 2-3 days earlier than conventional chemical pesticides. When used should be fully and evenly spraying the whole plant. Used chemical pesticides 5 days before the drug can be administered. Dilution with the second dilution method, shake well, do not save diluted. Can not be used as a special fungicide.

Biological pesticides are included in integrated pest management systems

Biological pesticides can play a key role in a successful integrated pest management program and can be useful in increasing sustainability on the farm.

Speaking at a symposium on the role biological crop protection products can play in sustainable agriculture in Orlando Oct. 11, David Epstein, senior entomologist with USDA’s Office of Pest Management Policy, said integrated pest management, or IPM, is all about ecosystems and a systems-based approach to controlling pests.

IPM includes everything. You can use biopesticides in an IPM program, Epstein said. IPM is not limited to one approach. It takes everything into consideration. IPM is applicable across all farming systems. It is a philosophy of pest control formed on the principles of ecology.

IPM acknowledges that farmers use pesticides. Organic farmers use pesticides. They are not synthetics. They are naturally sourced, Epstein emphasized.

IPM is an informed and wise use of pesticides. This is probably the best kept secret in thecountry. Farms are not natural ecosystems and pests are going to have to be managed. And we need pesticides to do it. Whether they are biopesticides, synthetic pesticides or natural pesticides, we have to control pests, Epstein said.

Michael Braverman, senior scientist at Rutgers University and manager of the IR-4 Project for Biopesticides, said biologicals can clearly play a role in both organic and conventional crop production programs, but better information and literature is needed for instituting thresholds.

Pesticides, whether conventional or biopesticides, are certainly part of the IPM and sustainability processes, Braverman said. Part of being able to have the ability to select a less environmentally impacting product such as a biopesticide involves knowing what products are available.

Through the IR-4 Project, Rutgers and USDA are maintaining a label database for biopesticides. The project helps make more information on biopesticides readily available to the growers who want to use them.

If you don’t know what product to look for, you’re not going to find it. But a grower does know what crops they have and they hopefully know what pests they have. Through this database, they can put in their crops and pests and they will get feedback on what the tools are based on those particular parameters, Braverman said.

In the meantime, Lori Berger, academic coordinator with the University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program at U.C. Davis, said IPM is basically stuck due to such challenges as invasive pests, drift incidents and maximum residue limit issues.

We’ve also seen few people going into the sciences or into Extension and agriculture. We don’t have the people that are available, so IPM is really bogged down, she said.

The California Department of Pesticide Regulation and the University of California statewide IPM program are working together to enhance IPM programs across California. Through policy, innovation and communication, the two will make recommendations to further IPM efforts across the state. Berger said it is all about establishing an ongoing dialogue about IPM.

We are trying to take a more systems-thinking approach, Berger said. In order to optimize the whole we must understand the relationship of the parts. That makes it a lot more complicated but it also makes it a lot more interesting.